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Skull Mesa Ruins, AZPrint Full | Basic
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Description 35 Triplogs 2 Topics
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 Phoenix NE
HAZ reminds you to respect the ruins. Please read the Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 & Ruins Etiquette
Statistics
Difficulty 4    Route Finding
Distance Round Trip 16.6 miles
Trailhead Elevation 2,345 feet
Elevation Gain 1,970 feet
Avg Time Round Trip 8-9 hours
Kokopelli Seeds 26.45
Interest Off Trail Hiking & Ruins
Al_HikesAZ
Descriptions 11
Routes 89
Photos 2,604
Trips 232 map ( 2,249 miles )
Age 82
Location Scottsdale, AZ
Photos
Rated Viewed All Mine Friends
37  2014-01-21 AZ Wandering Bea
44  2013-12-27 The Dude
7  2013-11-30 Hiking Fool
21  2013-11-27 Hansenaz
14  2013-02-14 Rockadoodledude
10  2012-03-20 mazatzal82
38  2012-03-11 WilliamnWendi
14  2011-12-26 mazatzal82
12  2010-12-28
 Bronco Trail #245
 nonot
17  2010-11-14 Darth Stiller
11  2010-11-14 squatpuke
20  2010-11-14 John9L
Page 1,  2,  3
Large Profile
Trailhead Forecast
Historical Weather
Radar
Forest Tonto
Backpack - Possible - Not Popular
Seasons - Autumn to Spring
Official Route
 
Alternative Routes
 
Water
Nearby Hikes Area Water Sources
direct air miles away to trailhead
0.0  Black Mesa - Cave Creek
0.0  Skull Mesa - Cottonwood Creek Loop
0.0  Skull Mesa from Spur Cross TH
0.0  Spur Cross Loop
0.0  Cave Creek / Cottonwood Loop via Spur Cross
0.0  Cave Creek Indian Ruins at Chalk Canyon
[ View More! ]
Culture
     Gila Petroglyph Style (Abstrac
     Gila Petroglyph Style (Zoomorp
     Gila Plain
     Gila Red
     Hohokam Mano and Metate
     Hohokam Rock Slick
     Perry Mesa Style - Abstract
     Perry Mesa Style - Zoomorphic
Space
Fauna
     Cardinal
     Javelina
     Mallard Duck
Space
Flora
     Agave varietals
     Desert Phlox
     Indian Paintbrush
     Juniper
     Prickly Pear
     Saguaro
     Saguaro - Crested
Space
Geology
   Turquiose

Rewarded with Ruins
by Al_HikesAZ

Mobile Version
Overview: Ruins of an ancient Verde Hohokam pueblo and fort reward you for this arduous hike. Skull Mesa is the large, flat mountain north of Cave Creek. It is in the middle of the Cave Creek / Seven Springs trail system of the Tonto National Forest - approximately 31 miles of interconnected trails. This description is for the hike from the Spur Cross Conservation Area at the southwest up to the mesa and on to the ruins. Skull Mesa can also be reached from the northeast starting from the Seven Springs campground. This Spur Cross route is steeper but slightly shorter. For many people, the drive to the Spur Cross trailhead will be shorter and easier than the drive to the Seven Springs trailhead. The Seven Springs route will be described in a separate trail description.

In the Falcon book, Hiking Ruins Seldom Seen, Dave Wilson describes the history and archeology of this site. He also describes proper etiquette when visiting ancient ruins.
The basics of his rules of etiquette are:
1) Do not lean, climb or walk on walls or roofs
2) Do not pick up an artifact then place it somewhere else
3) Do not touch rock art
4) Do not chalk rock art
5) Do not take pottery
6) Do not build fires

Hike: From the Spur Cross trailhead, start north on the old dirt road. You will make your first crossing of Cave Creek on well-placed boulders and then enter the Tonto National Forest. You will cross Cave Creek 3 more times and end up on the east side. The crossings are normally shallow if water is running, but you will need to hop across on some boulders if you want to stay dry. At 2.2 miles you reach the trailhead for Cave Creek Trail #4. (elevation 2,394 feet). Continue on. You will reach Trail 247 in about 200 yards at 2.33 miles 2,425 feet elevation. Turn right. Cross a small creek bed and begin the up & down through the hills, talus & scree. You will climb 250 feet in about 1/3 of a mile. You reach Cottonwood Springs at 3.35 miles. This spring appears to have perennial water. Continue on past the lava flow and the Trail 247 marker until you hit a gate and a junction at 5 miles 3,180 feet elevation. Cottonwood Trail 247 continues on, but you will turn left on Trail #248. The fun begins with a series of steep switchbacks.

You reach the mesa at 6 miles 4,250 feet elevation (33 55'46"N, 111 55'21"W). Follow the well-cairned trail for eight or ten cairns to the east until you get past the rock outcropping and onto the main part of the mesa. If you head due north on reaching the mesa, you will eventually have to climb over the rocks and they get higher as you go out on the mesa. Up until now, the trail has been well-marked and easy to follow. Now you will leave the trail and bushwhack north across the mesa. The ruins are just off the northwest edge of the mesa. Your goal now is the right edge of the mountain range in the distance. During the summer I have encountered rattlesnakes in this area so proceed with appropriate caution. The Cave Creek Complex fire in 2005 charred the mesa. At 6.7 miles (33 55'87"N, 111 55'22"W) you will find an area of black boulders and petroglyphs. Now head northwest to the edge of the mesa. Your goal is the third peak from the left of the mountain range in the distance (see photo). At 7.8 miles you will actually leave the mesa and descend into the first small saddle. Here you will start clambering over the boulders. You will work your way down then back up through another saddle and then down and across the last saddle. Here you will find the ruins of the pueblo. Continue through the saddle, past the pueblo and up a small hill to the ruins of the fort at 8.3 miles (33 56'56"N, 111 55'54"W). Leave anything you find for others to enjoy. Read the Rules for Ruins in the overview above. Enjoy the spectacular views and head back to the trailhead.

There are ruins on Elephant Mountain to the southwest and St. Clair mountain to the east that "should" be visible from here. I could not find them through my binoculars, but I wasn't exactly sure where to look or what to look for.

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    Directions Preferred Months Nov Dec Jan Feb
    Water / Source:See Description Above
    Preferred Start7 AM Cell Phone SignalHigh Points Sunrise5:57am Sunset7:02pm
    Road / VehicleFR / Dirt Road / Gravel - Car Okay
    Fees / Permit
    Spur Cross Conservation Area $3 per person

    Forest
    Tonto Pass is a forest wide permit for recreational sites and campgrounds. Typically not for trailheads.

    Directions
    Print Version
    To Spur Cross Trailhead
    I-17 North & Exit 233, which is SR-74 the Carefree Highway. Head east on Carefree Highway 9.9 miles to Cave Creek Road. Head North on Cave Creek Road 2.6 miles to Spur Cross Ranch Road. The road jogs a bit here but you go 4.0 miles to the parking lot.

    It is a well-graded dirt road. As it nears the parking area, the road leads past a large green house, through a tall gatepost and past a corral. There is a large signed parking area. Along the road about 75 yards northeast of the parking area, there is a self-pay station and a small informational kiosk with rudimentary maps. The fee is $3 per person and carry the stub with you.

    From PHX (I-10 & AZ-51) 35.8 mi - about 57 mins
    From TUC (Jct 1-10 & Grant) 144 mi - about 2 hours 26 mins
    From FLG (Jct I-17 & I-40) 133 mi - about 2 hours 10 mins
    Login for Mapped Driving Directions
    WARNING! Hiking and outdoor related sports can be dangerous. Be responsible and prepare for the trip. Study the area you are entering and plan accordingly. Dress for the current and unexpected weather changes. Take plenty of water. Never go alone. Make an itinerary with your plan(s), route(s), destination(s) and expected return time. Give your itinerary to trusted family and/or friends.
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