Moderator: HAZ - Moderators
Golfers generally get struck for two reasons. Holding onto a golf club, or taking refuge under a tree.chumley wrote:Don't forget that golfers are frequently the single tallest object in the middle of a large, open, field (golf course). Even in a golf cart, that cart is an unprotected target. Certainly holding a metal club over your head has to increase the height of the target, but the golfers are already about as vulnerable as possible. Plus, the percentage of time that a golfer has a metal club over his head is a tiny fraction. I'm not sure its accurate to assume that the reason for the high number of strikes is due to metal golf clubs.
Previous studies have identified patterns associated with lightning fatalities. For example, approximately 30% of persons struck by lightning die, and 74% of lightning strike survivors have permanent disabilities. In addition, persons with cranial burns or leg burns from lightning are at higher risk for death than others struck by lightning. Sixty-three percent of lightning-associated deaths occur within 1 hour of injury (1), 92% occur during May-September, and 73% occur during the afternoon and early evening. Of persons who died from lightning strikes, 52% were engaged in outdoor recreational activities ;) , and 25% were engaged in work activities.
from http://wonder.cdc.gov/wonder/PrevGuid/m ... 052833.asp
Wiki's info is a bit different:joe bartels wrote:So why aren't more people dying?
On average only 58 people per year are killed by lightning, out of 6.7 billion people on earth. The chances of winning a $100 million powerball are 1 in 146 million.
Nearly 2000 people per year in the world are injured by lightning strikes. In the USA between 9-10% of those struck die, amounting to an average of 100 fatalities annually. In the United States, it is the #2 weather killer (second only to floods). The odds of an average person living in the USA being struck by lightning in a given year is 1:700,000.
IF OUTDOORS...Avoid water. Avoid the high ground. Avoid open spaces. Avoid all metal objects including electric wires, fences, machinery, motors, power tools, etc. Unsafe places include underneath canopies, small picnic or rain shelters, or near trees. Where possible, find shelter in a substantial building or in a fully enclosed metal vehicle such as a car, truck or a van with the windows completely shut. If lightning is striking nearby when you are outside, you should:
A. Crouch down. Put feet together. Place hands over ears to minimize hearing damage from thunder.
B. Avoid proximity (minimum of 15 ft.) to other people.
As Joe stated ... these metal objects are all grounded. Absolutely they must be avoided. Just like wiring or plumbing in your own home. But if you are carrying an anvil in your backpack and it is not grounded, it will do no less or greater harm to you if lightning strikes.IF OUTDOORS...Avoid all metal objects including electric wires, fences, machinery, motors, power tools, etc.
I don't think WE fall into the average person category for people living in the USA, so I would think our outdoor odds for being struck are higher..dshillis wrote:The odds of an average person living in the USA being struck by lightning in a given year is 1:700,000.
Be careful out there.First Aid for Lightning Victims
What to Do if Lightning Strikes While Climbing
By Stewart Green, About.com Guide http://climbing.about.com/od/climberlig ... rstAid.htm
The worst thing to happen during a thunder storm is that you or someone in your party is struck by lightning.
Follow these first aid steps immediately:
1. Go or call for medical help immediately.
Call 911 immediately. This can be difficult if you are in the backcountry and don’t have cell phone service and are a long way from a trailhead or cell service. Tell where you are, provide directions to your location, and tell about the number of strike victims and their condition.
2. Assess the situation
Check out the situation. Was only one person struck or are there multiple victims? Is the storm still raging? Are you safe when you administer first aid? It’s important not to create more casualities. Be aware of continuing lightning danger to victims and rescuers. Don’t expose yourself, the victims, or rescuers to additional lightning risk. If necessary, move the victim to a safer location before providing first aid. Also consider if the victim was directly struck by lightning or struck by ground currents. Direct strikes are, of course, much more serious.
3. Check for breathing and heartbeat
Next step is check if the victim is breathing and has a heartbeat. The best places to check for a pulse are at the carotid artery in the neck and the femoral artery behind the knee. Lightning often causes cardiac arrest.
4. Administer CPR
If he isn’t breathing and doesn’t have a heartbeat, immediately begin providing CPR, following the current Red Cross specs—2 rescue breaths followed by 30 fast chest compressions in 30 seconds. Continue CPR until rescue arrives, although if there is no response after 30 minutes then the chances of survival are slim. It’s a great idea for every climber to take a basic Red Cross first aid course and get CPR certified so that you can do the right thing in emergency situations.
5. Other Lightning Injuries
Besides cardiac and respiratory arrest, other lightning-caused injuries are burns, shock, brain injury, muscular and skeletal damage, and sometimes blunt trauma including broken bones and ruptured organs. Some victims also experience nervous system disruption with loss of consciousness and amnesia. Treat all these injuries with basic first aid until help arrives. Death by lightning usually results from cardiac arrest.