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Puffball and Earthstar Mushrooms9 locationsPlant
.: GrottoGirl :.
Aug 4 2012
Cabin Loop - Mogollon Rim
.: RickVincent :.
Sep 3 2011
Auger Canyon
FamilyPuffballs and Earthstars - Puffballs and Earthstars
Prime BloomUnknown
BloomsUnknown - Unknown
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Puffball and Earthstar Mushrooms

Puffballs and Earthstars – “fruiting body a rounded sac containing spores which are not ejected from the sac. The spores are released through an apical pore or when the sac wears away. In earthstars, the outer layers split to form rays.” The Field Guide to Mushrooms of North America (“the Field Guide”)

Wikipedia – “A puffball is a member of any of several groups of fungi in the division Basidiomycota. The puffballs were previously treated as a taxonomic group called the Gasteromycetes or Gasteromycetidae, but they are now known to be a polyphyletic assemblage. The distinguishing feature of all puffballs is that they do not have an open cap with spore-bearing gills. Instead, spores are produced internally, in a spheroidal fruiting body called a gasterothecium (gasteroid ('stomach-like') basidiocarp). As the spores mature, they form a mass called a gleba in the centre of the fruiting body that is often of a distinctive color and texture. The basidiocarp remains closed until after the spores have been released from the basidia. Eventually, it develops an aperture, or dries, becomes brittle, and splits, and the spores escape. The spores of puffballs are statismospores rather than ballistospores, meaning they are not actively shot off the basidium. The fungi are called 'puffballs' because clouds of brown dust-like spores are emitted when the mature fruiting body bursts, or in response to impacts such as those of falling raindrops. Puffballs and similar forms are thought to have evolved repeatedly (that is, in numerous independent events) from hymenomycetes by gasteromycetation, through secotioid stages. Thus, 'Gasteromycetes' and 'Gasteromycetidae' are now considered to be descriptive, morphological terms (more properly gasteroid or gasteromycetes, to avoid taxonomic implications) but not valid cladistic terms.
Puffballs encompass the genera Calvatia, Calbovista and Lycoperdon.[1] The true puffballs, of the Lycoperdales, do not have a visible stalk (stem).
The stalked puffballs, of the lycoperdales, do have a stalk which supports the gleba. None of the stalked puffballs are edible as they are tough and woody mushrooms.[2] The Hymenogastrales are the false puffballs. A gleba which is powdery on maturity is a feature of true puffballs, stalked puffballs and earthstars. False puffballs are hard like rock or brittle.”
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puffball
Wikipedia - “The Geastrales are an order of gasterocarpic basidiomycetes (fungi) that relates to Cantharellales. The order contains the single family Geastraceae, commonly known as "earthstars". It includes the genera Geastrum and Myriostoma. About 64 species are classified in this family, divided among eight genera. Older classifications place this family in the order Lycoperdales, but more recently they had been placed in Phallales.[4] As of 2010, the family is classified as the sole taxon in the Geastrales order.[5]” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geastrales

Please Note: Fungi is tagging along on the HAZ Flora Consoles. Fungi is a different kingdom then the other flora listed on site which is plantae. If you are on the HAZ Flora Admin Team please consult before creating Scientific Families for any Fungi. Please copy this note to all Fungi. thx!

Identifying mushrooms and fungi from photographs is extremely difficult. Sometimes the only way to precisely identify a mushroom is to look at its “spore print”.

HAZ is a hiking site, not a mushroom or fungus website. We are classifying mushrooms and fungus based on the “Quick Identification Guide to Major Groups” in The Field Guide to Mushrooms of North America (“the Field Guide”)

The major groups are as follows:
Gilled Mushrooms
Chanterelles
Tooth Fungi
Club and Coral Fungi
Jelly Fungi
Crust Fungi
Boletes
Polypores and Conks
Birds Nest Fungi
Stinkhorns
Puffballs and Earthstars
Morel, cup fungi and allies.

Here are additional resources if you are interested in more precise information
Identifying Mushrooms
http://www.mushroomexpert.com/identifying.html

Here are some links to resources:
http://www.azfungi.org//
AMP Home Page- http://www.azfungi.org/amp/index.html
Arizona Mushroom Club Home Page- http://az-mushroom-club.org/
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