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Morel mushrooms, cup fungi and allies

Morel mushrooms, cup fungi and allies - “Spores born in microscopic sacs called asci. Fruiting bodies contain tiny spore bearing flasks or the spores are produced in a layer of simple or complesx cups with or without stalks.” The Field Guide to Mushrooms of North America (“the Field Guide”)


Wikipedia – “Morchella, the true morels, is a genus of edible mushrooms closely related to anatomically simpler cup fungi. These distinctive mushrooms appear honeycomb-like in that the upper portion is composed of a network of ridges with pits between them.
The ascocarps are prized by gourmet cooks, particularly for French cuisine. Commercial value aside, morels are hunted by thousands of people every year simply for their taste and the joy of the hunt.

Morels have been called by many local names; some of the more colorful include dryland fish, because when sliced lengthwise then breaded and fried, their outline resembles the shape of a fish; hickory chickens, as they are known in many parts of Kentucky; and merkels or miracles, based on a story of how a mountain family was saved from starvation by eating morels. In parts of West Virginia, they are known as "molly moochers." Other common names for morels include sponge mushroom. Genus Morchella is derived from morchel, an old German word for mushroom, while morel itself is derived from the Latin maurus meaning brown.”

Wikipedia – “The Pezizaceae (commonly referred to as cup fungi) are a family of fungi in the Ascomycota which produce mushrooms that tends to grow in the shape of a "cup". Spores are formed on the inner surface of the fruit body (mushroom). The cup shape typically serves to focus raindrops into splashing spores out of the cup. Additionally, the curvature enables wind currents to blow the spores out in a different manner than in most agarics and boletes.
Cup fungi grow in peculiar shapes, frequently resembling cups or saucers. For example, the orange peel fungus (Aleuria aurantia) resembles a discarded orange rind. They may be vividly colored, like the scarlet cup (Sarcoscypha coccinea), which is often one of the first signs of spring where it grows. According to one 2008 estimate, the family contains 31 genera and 230 species.

Please Note: Fungi is tagging along on the HAZ Flora Consoles. Fungi is a different kingdom then the other flora listed on site which is plantae. If you are on the HAZ Flora Admin Team please consult before creating Scientific Families for any Fungi. Please copy this note to all Fungi. thx!

Identifying mushrooms and fungi from photographs is extremely difficult. Sometimes the only way to precisely identify a mushroom is to look at its “spore print”.

HAZ is a hiking site, not a mushroom or fungus website. We are classifying mushrooms and fungus based on the “Quick Identification Guide to Major Groups” in The Field Guide to Mushrooms of North America (“the Field Guide”)

The major groups are as follows: ( in edit by admin, DO NOT TOUCH! )

Here are additional resources if you are interested in more precise information
Identifying Mushrooms

Here are some links to resources:
AMP Home Page-
Arizona Mushroom Club Home Page-
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