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Kin Ya'a, NM

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34 7 2
Guide 7 Triplogs  2 Topics
Rated  Favorite Wish List NM > Northwest
Rated
3.3
3.3 of 5 by 4
 
2
HAZ reminds you to respect the ruins. Please read the Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 & Ruins Etiquette
Statistics
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Difficulty 1 of 5
Route Finding 3 of 5
Distance Lasso-Loop 1.05 miles
Trailhead Elevation 6,778 feet
Elevation Gain 27 feet
Accumulated Gain 41 feet
Avg Time Round Trip 1 hour
Kokopelli Seeds 1.26
Interest Off Trail Hiking, Ruins & Historic
Backpack No
Dogs not allowed
feature photo
Photos Viewed All Mine Following
12  2012-06-26 Stoic
12  2011-06-19
Kin Bineola
Trishness
4  2011-06-19 Trishness
8  2011-06-19 squatpuke
40  2011-06-18
Chaco Culture National Historical Park Trails
Randal_Schulhaus
60  2010-06-18
Chaco Culture National Historical Park Trails
Randal_Schulhaus
10  2010-06-18 Randal_Schulhaus
Historical Weather
Trailhead Forecast
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Preferred   Oct, Apr, May, Sep → Early
Seasons   Spring to Autumn
Sun  7:15am - 5:01pm
Route
 
0 Alternative
 
Water
Nearby Area Water
Casamero Ruins
Casamero Ruins
17.7 mi away
0.3 mi
40 ft
Kin Bineola
Kin Bineola
22.7 mi away
1.0 mi
30 ft
Kin Klizhin
Kin Klizhin
24.5 mi away
1.3 mi
44 ft
Una Vida
Una Vida
27.0 mi away
1.0 mi
70 ft
Wijiji Trail
27.6 mi away
3.0 mi
20 ft
Casa Rinconada
Casa Rinconada
27.7 mi away
0.8 mi
50 ft
South Mesa Loop
South Mesa Loop
27.7 mi away
4.1 mi
800 ft
Chaco Canyon Overlook Trail
27.7 mi away
1.7 mi
300 ft
Hungo Pavi
27.8 mi away
0.3 mi
1 ft
Petroglyph Trail
27.9 mi away
0.3 mi
20 ft
[ View More! ]
Culture Nearby
Tall House Tales
by Randal_Schulhauser

Overview: Kin Ya'a is one of several major Chacoan outliers that are protected by the National Park Service at Chaco Culture National Historic Park. This site actually lies within an isolated section of CCNHP that is separate and detached from the main section of the park. "Kin Ya'a" means "Tall House" in the Navajo language.


History: Kin Ya'a is a small Chacoan great house that lies about 25 miles south and west of the South Gap entrance to "downtown" Chaco Canyon connected by a major Chacoan Road. The tree ring dates from the site range from A.D. 1080 to 1106 with the prominent cluster around A.D. 1106. This represents a relatively late Chacoan construction date. Great Houses are thought to be ceremonial centers utilized by many surrounding communities. It should be noted that archeological evidence of more than 400 Chacoan period sites exist within a 10 mile radius of Kin Ya'a with more than 100 lying within 4 square miles surrounding the Great House. The placement of the terraced Great House orients it towards the winter sun. The building contains at least 26 ground floor rooms, 9 second-story rooms, and an undetermined number of third-story rooms. There are 3 enclosed surface kivas and a relatively rare tower kiva extending four stories. The Kin Ya'a tower originally stood a full four stories at an estimated height of 36.5 feet. The lower chamber and much of the second floor remain intact, while only a rectangular column of the northeast corner extends through the third and into the fourth story--presently 31 feet high. The interior of the tower kiva may have contained 4 floors and had a very special ceremonial function. Four stacked kivas may have been symbolic of the 4 worlds central to Puebloan belief. Some researchers suggest that the towering structures may have been used for signaling to other communities. Less than a dozen tower kivas are known to exist in the Chacoan world--several of them located just south of the Chaco Canyon. Direct connection to Mesa Verde style architecture is a source of much controversy. Outliers share many of the typical Chacoan traits, such as architecture, masonry, roads, great kivas, enclosed plazas, pottery, etc. Some researchers believe the outliers were established by the people of Chaco Canyon as they expanded their world and influence into surrounding areas. Others believe that local populations embraced the Chacoan world and culture and emulated the great houses and their impressive architecture. The relationship between the outliers and the people of Chaco Canyon is not well understood. Were the outliers independent or did they support and serve the people in the core?

Hike: As you approach Crownpoint from the south on NM371, look for the Ikard-Newson Propane site on east side and pass through the south gate. There's a maze-like network of crisscrossing double-tracks heading to the east. As you crest the ridge you'll make out the distinctive spire of the 4-story tower kiva on the lower plain. Pick a path heading towards the north side of the site where the TH and registry is located.

Sign the registry and complete a CCNHP trail pass and explore the Kin Ya'a ruins at your leisure. You are likely to have this site all to yourself (the last entry we saw in the registry was 6 days prior). You will likely be drawn to the spire of the tower kiva. Note the thickness of the masonry wall as it tapers towards the sky.

Don't ignore the large trash midden to the south of the main site. Although not as abundant as I expected, there's still many fine examples of Chacoan black and white pottery sherds to be examined.

There is a roadway which is evidenced by a pronounced swale (a low-lying or depressed piece of land) which approaches Kin Ya'a from the northeast. The roadway turns at an angle and leaves the site on a southwest orientation, heading toward Hosta Butte and Coyote Canyon. The road is defined by a linear swale 18 to 27 feet in width and 3 feet deep. Today, the prehistoric roadway which passes through Kin Ya'a is known as the "Great South Road." There are several roadways which enter the building from the northeast. One leads NNE toward Bee Burrow, and then heads north to the South Gap of Chaco Canyon. Another leads northeast toward Pueblo Pintado. The roads may have been used to direct travelers to Chaco for ceremonies and trading, or to symbolize the importance of the people's connections to Chaco Canyon.

Summary: Kin Ya'a was my first experience exploring a Chacoan outlier. HAZ hike descriptions now exist for 3 additional Chacoan outliers - Kin Bineola, Pueblo Pintado, and Kin Klizhin. Go experience one for yourself! Enjoy!

Gate Policy: If a gate is closed upon arrival, leave it closed after you go through. If it is open, leave it open. Leaving a closed gate open may put cattle in danger. Closing an open gate may cut them off from water. Please be respectful, leave gates as found.

Randal_Schulhauser
    WARNING! Hiking and outdoor related sports can be dangerous. Be responsible and prepare for the trip. Study the area you are entering and plan accordingly. Dress for the current and unexpected weather changes. Take plenty of water. Never go alone. Make an itinerary with your plan(s), route(s), destination(s) and expected return time. Give your itinerary to trusted family and/or friends.

    Permit $$
    NPS

    Chaco Canyon HP National Park
    $8 per vehicle good for 7 days Entrance Fee


    Directions
    Map Drive
    or
    Road
    High Clearance possible when dry

    To hike
    Directions to the Trail: From Visitor Center at Chaco Culture National Historic Park;
    1.Head south on Route 57 for about 20 miles until reaching Route 9.
    2.At the Seven Lakes Chapter House (abandoned), turn right on Route 9, towards Crownpoint.
    3.Drive 13.4 miles on Route 9 until you come to NM371.
    4.Head south on NM371 towards Crownpoint.
    5.About 5 miles along NM371, look for the Ikard-Newson Propane site on the east side.
    6.Pass through the south gate and travel east through a maze of double-tracks about 1 1/4 miles until you reaches the Kin Ya'a site.
    page created by Randal_Schulhauser on Jul 03 2010 4:45 pm
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