Maple Trees in Texas?
An easy-to-moderate hike to an historic cabin along an intermittent stream, beginning in a desert environment and transitioning into a canyon woodlands.
According to Guadalupe Mountains National Park website "In 1921, (Wallace) Pratt accompanied two West Texas oil-lease brokers to Pecos, Texas to purchase leases for his employer, Humble Oil and Refining Company. He was the first geologist hired by Humble. While awaiting a meeting with landowners, Pratt was offered a chance to visit what Pecos attorney Judge Drane assured him was "the most beautiful spot in Texas." Pratt agreed to go, but during the trip through the barren desert scrub of West Texas, Pratt became skeptical about Drane's enthusiastic description. Pratt had nearly concluded that Judge Drane's "beautiful spot" referred merely to the high desert mountains; then he entered the canyon, and the beauty of the hidden woodland deep within McKittrick Canyon's walls was revealed."
"In 1921, the canyon was even more spectacular than it is today. It sheltered a free flowing stream running the length of the canyon with a succession of miniature waterfalls formed when travertine deposits created dams along the watercourse. These dams were destroyed and most of the stream went underground during flooding in 1943 and 1968."
"Maple, walnut, oak, and madrone grew alongside desert plants like cactus and agave, all enclosed by steep walls formed when the creek cut through the limestone of the Capitan Reef. On the return trip to Pecos, Judge Drane told Pratt that the McCombs Ranch containing part of McKittrick Canyon was for sale. Pratt acquired a quarter interest for a summer vacation getaway. His partners were interested in a place to entertain clients on deer hunts, but Pratt recognized the uniqueness of the canyon. When the stock market crashed in 1929, Pratt bought out his partners and by 1930 he owned a major portion of the canyon."
"During the winter of 1931-32 he began construction of the home Houston Architect John F. Staub had designed. With the depression on, good help could be hired inexpensively. From Staub's office, Pratt hired Vance Phenix, a young architect displaced by the lack of projects. Phenix brought along his brother, Dean, a carpenter, and Adolph May, stonemason. Local ranchers Green McCombs and Alfred Lehman helped haul rock to the site and position materials. The cabin is made of only stone and wood. Heart-of-pine rafters, collar beams and sheathing to support the stone roof were shipped in from East Texas. The stone used in building the house was quarried outside the canyon at the base of the Guadalupe Mountains. Always the geologist, Pratt selected "silty limestones, thin-bedded and closely jointed by clean vertical fractures." Workers scraped off the thin layer of earth to reveal the proper stones, then using crowbars, levered the blocks apart. The joints made the blocks fit well, and Pratt noted that few required the stonemason's hammer or chisel."
"Once complete, the Pratts furnished the cabin with rough plank reclining chairs, four beds and assorted hammocks, and a special table to seat twelve. Outdoors was a picnic table made of stone. Although the cabin is often called the "Pratt Lodge," Wallace Pratt told an interviewer that he had grown up in Kansas and never quite learned what a "lodge" was used for. He always referred to the house as The Stone Cabin. During summers when Houston, Texas is hot and humid, the Pratts and their three children spent time in the Guadalupes, sharing the cabin with friends. This was the principal use of the cabin for over a decade. When they retired in 1945, the cabin was their home for a brief time. Years earlier a flood had trapped them in McKittrick Canyon; the experience convinced them that any permanent residence would have to be outside the canyon, and they selected a site on the mountain front. During construction of the new house, called Ship On The Desert, the New York architects lived in the Stone Cabin for a year."
"In the late 1950s the Pratts planned a move to Tucson, Arizona for health reasons. By 1960 they had bought property there and began to donate the family holdings in McKittrick Canyon to the National Park Service. Ultimately the donations totaled over 5,000 acres, and included the Stone Cabin and Ship-On-The-Desert."
The trail begins behind the McKittrick Canyon visitor center. Note that three trails take off from that point. As you're looking at the trail register, the left-most trail is the McKittrick Canyon Nature Loop (0.9 miles). The trail to your right is the McKittrick Canyon Trail to the Pratt Cabin (5.0 miles round-trip), further on to the Grotto (6.8 miles round-trip) and eventually to McKittrick Ridge. The trail behind you, I believe (as it is not signed), leads you to the Permian Reef Trail (8.4 miles round-trip, strenuous, for "serious geology buffs"). This description is for the McKittrick Canyon Trail hike to the historic Pratt Cabin.
The gravel/rocky trail is very easy to follow, starts off with a brief descent down to the streambed, and is almost always wide enough for two hikers to comfortably walk side-by-side. After the short descent, the trail has an almost imperceptible rise of 200 feet over the 2.5 mile trek to the cabin.
The trail crosses the streambed about 5 times and 2 of the crossings were through shallow water. It was fun trying to stay dry while stepping from one stone to the next. Along the way the plants transitioned from that typical of the Chihauhuan desert to maple, oak, ponderosa pine, and madrone with the occasional soap-tree yucca, sotol, prickly pear, and walking stick cholla thrown in to remind you that you're still in west Texas.
Coming from the Sonoran desert we were pleasantly surprised by the lack of pointy and thorny vegetation near the trail and quickly zipped off the "legs" of our hiking pants. Furthermore, it was a special treat to hike this trail in mid-November as the leaves of the deciduous trees had "turned" to brilliant reds and yellows. We wondered if the canyon would be full of wildflowers in the spring and make for an equally nice show of color.
The Pratt Cabin was amazing, being built entirely (including the roof!) of limestone and minimal wood. There was a massive stone table outside and numerous rocking chairs on the front porch. The cabin was locked when we were there but it appeared that it might occasionally be opened (perhaps during busier seasons and/or on weekend?). We settled into the rocking chairs and enjoyed a leisurely lunch before returning to the trailhead.
Check out the Official Route and Triplog.
WARNING! Hiking and outdoor related sports can be dangerous. Be responsible and prepare for the trip. Study the area you are entering and plan accordingly. Dress for the current and unexpected weather changes. Take plenty of water. Never go alone. Make an itinerary with your plan(s), route(s), destination(s) and expected return time. Give your itinerary to trusted family and/or friends.