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Pueblo Bonito, NM

Guide 22 Triplogs  3 Topics
  4.7 of 5 
396 22 3
HAZ reminds you to respect the ruins. Please read the Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 & Ruins Etiquette
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Difficulty 0.5 of 5
Route Finding 1 of 5
Distance Round Trip 0.75 miles
Trailhead Elevation 6,130 feet
Elevation Gain 20 feet
Avg Time Round Trip 1 hour
Kokopelli Seeds 0.85
Interest Ruins
Backpack No
varies or not certain dogs are allowed
editedit > ops > dogs to adjust
feature photo
Photos Viewed All MineFollowing
Inaugural Calculation on Button Tap!
16  2022-06-18
Chaco Canyon Loop
14  2022-04-15 AZLOT69
30  2018-05-21
Chaco Culture National Historical Park Trails
30  2018-05-21
Chaco Culture National Historical Park Trails
138  2012-06-28
Chaco Culture National Historical Park Trails
13  2011-06-20 squatpuke
12  2011-06-19
Kin Bineola
40  2011-06-18
Chaco Culture National Historical Park Trails
Page 1,  2
author avatar Guides 172
Routes 229
Photos 6,096
Trips 1,128 map ( 2,523 miles )
Age 41 Male Gender
Location Pocatello, ID
Historical Weather
Trailhead Forecast
Radar Map
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Preferred Apr, Oct, Mar, May → Early
Seasons   Early Autumn to Late Spring
Sun  5:28am - 7:04pm
Official Route
2 Alternative

One of the largest Anasazi ruins in the SW!
by PaleoRob

Chaco Canyon is an amazing place. Chaco is located in northwestern New Mexico, and was once the heart of a far-reaching branch of Anasazi culture known as the Chaco Branch. Characterized by large-scale public structures, very fine masonry, and finely wrought black-on-white pottery. Chaco was the center of the San Juan Basin's society, and Pueblo Bonito was the center of Chaco. Pueblo Bonito means "Beautiful House," in Spanish, a name given to the ruin by the first American expedition to the area. No one knows what the original inhabitants of the pueblo called it, but it certainly is a fitting name for the ruin. Covering over three acres, when the sun is setting the towering walls seem to shine, it is truly a beautiful sight.

The trailhead is at a small parking area to the southeast of the ruin itself. Park there, and pick up the trail guide. Its handy and free, unless you want to take it home. It contains lots of neat information about the ruin and the Chaco culture that flourished around 800-1100.

The trail is mostly flat leading up to the pueblo at the southeastern corner. It diverges there, with a short path leading along the southern wall, with another leading north. I followed the path counter-clockwise, as the trail numbers do as well, and will describe it as such.

Following the gently curving eastern wall to the north, you come to a boulder-fall. This is the remains of an enormous towering pillar called Threatening Rock that had been threatening to fall for years, and finally did in 1941. Before it fell, however, archaeologists had a chance to study it and the rooms it fell on. It seems that the Anasazi attempted to slow down the erosion of the pillar by building a retaining wall under it. From the stop numbered 2, you can see the remains of their wall. Atop the boulder fall, further along, you can get an excellent glimpse into the heart of Bonito, and see the symmetrical geometry of the pueblo. This is the highest point on the trail.

From the overlook into Bonito, the trail descends into the space between the cliff face and the northern wall. While the southern wall is a true east-west surface, the northern wall is a gentle curve, sloping down to form the eastern and western walls. From stop 5 there is a break in the wall, allowing a good glimpse into the internal construction of the characteristic Chacoan Core-and-Veneer masonry. Some rooms at Bonito may have been built as high as 4 or 5 stories, and these massive lower walls were well equipped to handle to load.

After leaving station 7, the northernmost section of the trail, you cross into Pueblo Bonito itself, through an old entryway that early explorers created. You are amidst a large section of room blocks once you enter into Bonito, and this is the oldest section of the ruin. This section of Bonito may have been constructed as early as 850AD.

Moving on from the room block, you then move into the eastern plaza. Here you can see the Great Kivas and the dividing wall that runs down the center of the plaza of Bonito. Crossing over the dividing wall, you pass directly by the western Great Kiva. Stop here and read the informational booklet - it goes into great detail on the structure and function of a kiva at stop 9 and stop 10. Between 9 and 10, however, take the chance to explore the western plaza, including the southwestern corner. It was here that early archaeologists found evidence of an ancient ponderosa pine that the Anasazi at Bonito tended carefully. Its significance is unknown. Moving back across the wall to the eastern Great Kiva and stop 10. There are benches here on the plaza to observe the kiva from. This is also where the daily ranger walks of Bonito are held - its quite an eerie sounds to hear an ancient conch trumpet being blown and echoing across the canyon when the ranger talks start.

Moving on from the plaza, the trail takes you into the heart of the southeastern section of Bonito, where the majority of the complete rooms remain. Here you can stop and view ancient roofs, plaster, mealing bins, and an archaeoastronomical marker - a corner door. Look on some of the roof beams (latillas and vigas) for round marks. These beams were sampled for tree-ring dating in 1991. These showed cutting dates no later than 1082AD - and those beams are still doing their job today! The trail follows the famous "line of doors" along the southern wall before exiting the ruin. Two large mounds are visible just to the south of the trail and ruin. These were originally surfaced and flat-topped, with an unknown function. The Great South Road, one of the famous Anasazi "roads" that lead from Chaco Canyon, originated at Pueblo Bonito, passed between the two mounds, crossed the canyon to Casa Rinconada, and then climbed up the far mesa. From Casa Rinconada, the stairway leading to the top of the mesa can be seen - similar to the Jackson Stairway behind Cherto Ketl. Once out of the ruin, follow the trail back to the parking area, or take the Petroglyph Trail along the cliff face towards Cherto Ketl.

Chaco Canyon is very hot in the summer, and there is no water except at the campground and visitor center. Carry more than you think is necessary, especially when the weather is warm. Its a long way to get help or water.

Check out the Official Route and Triplogs.

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2007-12-21 PaleoRob
    WARNING! Hiking and outdoor related sports can be dangerous. Be responsible and prepare for the trip. Study the area you are entering and plan accordingly. Dress for the current and unexpected weather changes. Take plenty of water. Never go alone. Make an itinerary with your plan(s), route(s), destination(s) and expected return time. Give your itinerary to trusted family and/or friends.

    Permit $$

    Chaco Canyon HP National Park
    $8 per vehicle good for 7 days Entrance Fee

    Map Drive
    FR / Jeep Road - Car possible when dry

    To hike
    From Grants, NM, drive north on NM Route 605 until reaching NM Route 509. Turn left onto NM Route 509. Follow Route 509 north until reaching Navajo Route 9. Turn left onto Navajo Route 9. Proceed on Route 9 until reaching NM Route 57. All of these turns are marked with signs for Chaco Culture National Historic Park.

    WARNING! NM Route 57 is a very poor road, with bad washboards, washouts, and chug-holes when it is dry. It is impassable to anything by 4x4 vehicles when wet, and sometimes even not then. Travel at your own risk. Passenger cars can and do make the drive regularly when the weather is good, but be prepared to turn around or get stuck if you attempt to drive to the park in wet weather.

    Once Route 57 reaches the park boundary, it becomes paved. Proceed to the visitor center and pay the fee. Then drive along the Chaco Canyon loop road. It is one way, so if you pass the turnoff for Bonito, you will have to loop all the way around. The turnoff for Bonito is near the western end of the loop, and well marked. If it is full, you can park at Pueblo del Arroyo and walk over to the trailhead from there.
    90+° 8am - 6pm kills
    prehydrate & stay hydrated

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