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Black Bear
Black Bear138 locationsMammal
.: PrestonSands :.
Jul 14 2009
Big Creek Falls - Coronado NF
Featured Detail Photo mini map Featured Full Photo.: RedRoxx44 :.
Nov 16 2007
Sierra Ancha Fauna
FamilyUrsidae - Bears
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Ursus americanus

Common Names:
Habitat: It lives in most woodland habitats, including pinyon-juniper and coniferous forests, desert riparian areas and chaparrals. The black bear generally roams an area of 5 to 50 square miles
Description: Fur color variable, including black, brown, cinnamon, and dark blond. Short, inconspicuous tail. 150-400 pounds; males much larger than females.3-3 ½ feet tall.4 ½-6 ¼ feet long
Comments: The black bear is the only bear species still found in Arizona. It is the smallest and most widely distributed North American bear.
Average litter of two to three cubs born in January or early February
Live up to 18 years in the wild
Primarily night-active, though may be seen day or night
Eat berries, nuts, dead animals, small mammals, grass, cactus fruits and insects; occasionally eat domestic livestock and pet food
Signs of activity include large tracks with claw marks (the hind print is somewhat like a human's footprint), somewhat round droppings, digging, large overturned rocks and logs, garbage from dumpsters or cans scattered good distances
Threatened or stressed adults will make sounds, including woofing, hissing, popping of teeth and grunting

What Should I Do?
Black bears should always be considered unpredictable and potentially dangerous. A black bear will usually detect you and leave the area before you notice, unless the bear has been conditioned to people and their food. Black bears can be expected to return to food, water and shelter opportunities presented by people. If you live in black bear country, take responsibility for not attracting them. Always work with your neighbors to achieve a consistent solution to the problem situation, and keep in mind that doing a combination of things is better than doing just one.

To discourage a black bear, immediately:

Do not run and never play dead.
Give the bear a chance to leave the area.
If a bear approaches, stay calm, continue facing the bear, and slowly back away.
Stand upright and wave arms, jackets or other items.
If the bear continues to approach, scare away with loud noises, such as yelling, whistles, and banging pots and pans. Blaring music, marine air horns and barking dogs also work.
If you see a bear in the distance, alter your route to avoid it.
If a bear is in your yard, scare it away from inside the house, keeping the door closed.
In an emergency: Black bears usually avoid people, but if they start to associate people with food they may become aggressive. On the rare occasion that a black bear becomes aggressive, do the following:

If a black bear attacks, fight back with everything in your power - fists, sticks, rocks and E.P.A. registered bear pepper spray.
Source: Arizona Game & Fish Department
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